美国旧金山金门大桥(Golden Gate Bridge)旅游攻略

异乡人
2021-11-16

前往理由 (Reason to go):

1. 金门大桥是世界著名大桥之一,被誉为20世纪桥梁工程的一项奇迹,也被认为是旧金山的象征。

2. 金门大桥是旧金山最上镜的城市地标,从它1937年建成之日起,便出现在成百上千部电影当中。在好莱坞的电影故事里,金门大桥既是这座城市的美丽象征,也是邪恶势力热衷摧毁的战略目标。它跨越金门海峡七十余年,激发了无数电影导演的艺术灵感,上演了数不清的悲欢离合,堪称美国电影最闪亮的一颗明星。

3. 金门大桥桥身的颜色为国际橘,因建筑师艾尔文·莫罗认为此色既和周边环境协调,又可使大桥在金门海峡常见的大雾中显得更醒目。由于这座大桥新颖的结构和超凡脱俗的外观,所以它被国际桥梁工程界广泛认为是美的典范,更被美国建筑工程师协会评为现代的世界奇迹之一。它也是世界上最上镜的大桥之一。

景点介绍 (Introduction):

金门大桥 (Golden Gate Bridge)是旧金山的地标性建筑。也是近代桥梁工程的一项奇迹。金门大桥全长2737.4米,宽27.5米,高227.4米,跨越连接了旧金山湾和太平洋的金门海峡,是连接旧金山和北边城市的重要交通枢纽。大桥历时4年和10万多吨钢材,耗资达3550万美元建成,由桥梁工程师约瑟夫·施特劳斯(Joseph .Struss, 1870—1938年)设计。因其历史价值,于2007年由英、美两国合拍成同名纪录片。鲜艳的国际橘(International Orange)使它在大雾的天气里面,遥远驶来的船只也能清楚看到它,它是每个到旧金山旅游的人必去的地方。

小贴士 (Tips):

· 在金门大桥的南北端都有供游客停车观光和拍照的场地,且在桥的南边和北边看到的风景是不同的。从北向南过桥是要给路费6美元,而从南向北是不用给过路费的。自行车和行人是免费的,并公用一条通道。

· 如果早上前往,大雾未散之时,很有可能可以看到“雾锁金门”的壮观景象。

· 桥上风很大,注意保暖和安全。

相关费用 (Fee):

大桥两侧步行道免费通行,观景点停车免费;

车辆由北向南单向收取过桥费,且不收现金,可网上缴费,上桥前30天至过桥后的2天内都可以缴纳,6美元/次。

位置交通 (Transportation):

金门大桥地址:Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, CA 94129

1. 跟团形式:所有含有旧金山市区游的旅游团都会前往参观金门大桥。

2. 公交:乘坐2/4/8/10/18/24/27/38/44/54/56/58/70/72/72X/74/76/92/93/97/101/101X路公交车到达Golden Gate Bridge Toll Plaza站下车。

3. 打车:旧金山的出租车起步价为3.1美元,每增加一公里1.39美元,价格相对昂贵,下车时需按规定支付至少10%的小费给司机。

4. 自驾:金门大桥由北向南单向收取过桥费,观景点停车免费,但是停车位比较难找。

5. 乘船:可选择乘坐Golden Gate Bay Cruise金门海湾巡航等渡轮乘船欣赏金门大桥及旧金山全貌。

6. 步道:大桥两侧设有约1.2公里长的步行道,供行人和自行车通行,行人往返需要1小时左右,在渔人码头设有很多自行车租借点。骑自行车穿越大桥前往索萨利托,然后乘坐渡轮返回是一项非常受欢迎的项目。

旧金山金门大桥 (Golden Gate Bridge) Q & A

Q1. 金门大桥的简介?
A1. 旧金山金门大桥 (Golden Gate Bridge)是旧金山的地标性建筑。也是近代桥梁工程的一项奇迹。金门大桥全长2737.4米,宽27.5米,高227.4米,跨越连接了旧金山湾和太平洋的金门海峡,是连接旧金山和北边城市的重要交通枢纽。大桥历时4年和10万多吨钢材,耗资达3550万美元建成,由桥梁工程师约瑟夫·施特劳斯(Joseph .Struss, 1870—1938年)设计。因其历史价值,于2007年由英、美两国合拍成同名纪录片。鲜艳的国际橘(International Orange)使它在大雾的天气里面,遥远驶来的船只也能清楚看到它,它是每个到旧金山旅游的人必去的地方。

Q2. 旧金山金门大桥为什么有名?
​A2. (1) 旧金山地标;(2) 好莱坞电影取景地;(3) 世界知名自杀胜地

Q3. 金门大桥英文简介是什么?
A3. The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate strait, the one-mile-wide (1.6 km), three-mile-long (4.8 km) channel between San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. The structure links the American city of San Francisco, California – the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula – to Marin County, carrying both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1 across the strait. The bridge is one of the most internationally recognized symbols of San Francisco, California, and the United States. It has been declared one of the Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.[7]

The Frommer's travel guide describes the Golden Gate Bridge as "possibly the most beautiful, certainly the most photographed, bridge in the world."[8] It opened in 1937 and was, until 1964, the longest suspension bridge main span in the world, at 4,200 feet (1,300 m).
以上介绍摘自wikipedia (Golden Gate Bridge)​

更多旧金山金门大桥相关资讯(英文)可点击查看金门大桥官网(goldengatebridge.org/re)

Q4. 美国金门大桥是什么结构?
A4. 美国旧金山金门大桥是悬吊结构与钢桁架结构,是世界上第一座跨距超过1000米的悬索桥(金门大桥结构示意图如下)

Q5. 哪些电影里有金门大桥?
A5. 旧金山金门大桥曾出现在以下电影:
The Abyss (1989) - Threatened by a tsunami
Ant-Man (2015)
A View to a Kill (1985)-In fight between James Bond and the main villain Max Zorin.
Basic Instinct (1992)
Bicentennial Man (1999)-Seen intact in the 2200s, with a two-tiered roadway added
Big Hero 6 (2014) - Set in fictional San Fransokyo, with added shimaki
Big Trouble in Little China (1986)
The Birds (1963)
The Black Bird (1975)
The Book of Eli (2010)
Boys and Girls (2000)
Brainstorm (1983) - During presentation sequence.
The Core (2003) - Destroyed by unfiltered sunlight
Dark Passage (1947)
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes (2014) - Jeep drives across in an early opening scene. Koba along with two other apes are seen climbing across the bridge twice.
The Day the Earth Stood Still (2008) – The bridge is shown when San Francisco loses its electricity.
Dirty Harry (1971)
Escape from Alcatraz (1978)
Flight of the Navigator (1986)
Foul Play (1978)
Godzilla (2014) - The central span of the bridge gets destroyed by Godzilla.
Ground Zero (1973) - Terrorist places nuclear device on tower.
Herbie Rides Again (1974) – Herbie drives along the cables of the bridge.
High Anxiety (1977)
Homeward Bound II: Lost in San Francisco (1996)
Hulk (2003)
Innerspace (1987)
Inside Out (2015)
The Internship (2013)
Interview with the Vampire (1994)
It Came from Beneath the Sea (1955) - Part of the bridge is destroyed by giant octopus.
Just Like Heaven (2005) - Driven over
The Lone Ranger (2013) - Shown under construction in the background of the circus scene in 1933.
Love Aaj Kal (2009)
The Love Bug (1969)
The Maltese Falcon (1941)
Mega Shark Versus Giant Octopus (2009) - A large portion of the bridge is destroyed by a giant shark.
Meteor Storm (2010) - Destroyed by meteor fragments
Milk (2008)​
Monsters vs. Aliens (2009) – A monster/alien robot fight takes place at the bridge and it later collapses.
Mrs. Doubtfire (1993) - Mrs. Doubtfire and his children ride bikes in Crissy Field with the bridge in the backdrop.
Murder by Death (1976)
National Lampoon's Vacation (1983) – Shown as one of the postcards during the opening credits.
On the Beach (1959)
Pacific Rim (2013) – Bridge gets destroyed by the kaiju Trespasser when it attacks San Francisco.
The Presidio (1988)
The Parent Trap (1998)
The Pursuit of Happyness (2006) – Is seen in some background scenes.
Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) - Seen in 1936 as Indiana Jones flies out of San Francisco.
Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011) - The climatic final battle takes place on the bridge, later the middle part of the bridge was shown in smoke due to the helicopter accident earlier in the film.
The Room (2003)
The Rock (1996)
San Andreas (2015) - Shown in aerial shots of San Francisco; later a tsunami bringing a cargo ship slices the bridge in half, destroying the roadway, but not the towers. Later in the ending, an American flag is shown raised on the ruins of the bridge as a symbol of hope and renewal.
Skyline (2010) - Threatened by an alien destroyer in TV promos
Star Trek (2009) - Seen intact in year 2258
Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979) - Set in year 2273; in the Director's Cut version of the film, a brief shot shows that the bridge's roadway has been replaced with enclosed tubes.
Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986) - James T. Kirk and Spock ride a bus across the bridge to reach the Cetacean Institute in Sausalito. Upon returning to the year 2286, the Klingon Bird of Prey HMS Bounty barely misses crashing into the bridge and splashes down into the Bay.​
Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (1991) - In the background behind the Federation President's office.
Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) - Location of Starfleet Command.
Sudden Impact (1983)
Superman: The Movie (1978) - A School bus nearly plummets off of damaged bridge during an earthquake on the San Andreas Fault and is rescued by Superman.
Terminator Genisys (2015) - Destroyed in a nuclear blast.
Terminator Salvation (2009) – John Connor crosses a damaged version of the bridge on his way to Skynet.
Time After Time (1979)
The Towering Inferno (1974) - Helicopter flies over bridge in opening credits
2012 (2009) – In the background when the cruise ship Genesis surges against the pier from an earthquake, although it is in the location of the San Francisco Bay Bridge.
Vacation (2015)
Vertigo (1958)
X-Men: The Last Stand (2006) – Magneto switches the position of the bridge so that it connects to Alcatraz, but the bridge is partially damaged and destroyed.
Zodiac (2007) - In the late 1960s during the Zodiac murders.​

Q6. 旧金山金门大桥和纽约布鲁克林大桥哪个更出名?
A6. 旧金山金门大桥(显而易见)

Q7. 旧金山金门大桥为什么是红颜色
A7. 金门大桥的颜色是国际橘(International Orange) (并不是红色!!!)
旧金山金门大桥桥身的颜色为国际橘,因建筑师艾尔文·莫罗认为此色既和周边环境协调,又可使大桥在金门海峡常见的大雾中显得更醒目。由于这座大桥新颖的结构和超凡脱俗的外观,所以它被国际桥梁工程界广泛认为是美的典范,更被美国建筑工程师协会评为现代的世界奇迹之一。它也是世界上最上镜的大桥之一。


Q8. 旧金山金门大桥的资料(英语和中文)是什么?
​A8. (中文简介)旧金山金门大桥 (Golden Gate Bridge)是旧金山的地标性建筑。也是近代桥梁工程的一项奇迹。金门大桥全长2737.4米,宽27.5米,高227.4米,跨越连接了旧金山湾和太平洋的金门海峡,是连接旧金山和北边城市的重要交通枢纽。大桥历时4年和10万多吨钢材,耗资达3550万美元建成,由桥梁工程师约瑟夫·施特劳斯(Joseph .Struss, 1870—1938年)设计。因其历史价值,于2007年由英、美两国合拍成同名纪录片。鲜艳的国际橘(International Orange)使它在大雾的天气里面,遥远驶来的船只也能清楚看到它,它是每个到旧金山旅游的人必去的地方。
旧金山金门大桥中文介绍全文点击:zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/金门大桥)

(英文简介)The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate strait, the one-mile-wide (1.6 km), three-mile-long (4.8 km) channel between San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. The structure links the American city of San Francisco, California – the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula – to Marin County, carrying both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1 across the strait. The bridge is one of the most internationally recognized symbols of San Francisco, California, and the United States. It has been declared one of the Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.[7]

The Frommer's travel guide describes the Golden Gate Bridge as "possibly the most beautiful, certainly the most photographed, bridge in the world."[8] It opened in 1937 and was, until 1964, the longest suspension bridge main span in the world, at 4,200 feet (1,300 m).
(
旧金山金门大桥英文介绍全文地址:Golden Gate Bridge)​

Q9. 金门大桥在哪个城市?​
A9. 旧金山金门大桥位于加利福尼亚州旧金山市

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